In San Francisco, Flora worked as a music teacher and spiritualistclaiming to channel the spirit of a Sauk chief, Black Hawk. Whether Wellman and Chaney were legally married is unknown. When she refused, he disclaimed responsibility for the child. In desperation, she shot herself.
After graduation from a grammar school he worked 12 to 18 hours a day at a cannery. Jack had a special relationship with his black foster mother, Virginia Jenny Prentiss.
She loaned him some money and in he bought a sloop and became an oyster pirate. A few months later he joined the California Fish Patrol. In he joined the crew of a sealing schooner, bound for Japan.
His first story, "Typhoon off the Coast of Japan", based on his sailing experiences, was published in November of Still unemployed, he became a tramp and hoboed around the country. In he was arrested for vagrancy and spent a month in jail, where he was a witness to "awful abysses of human degradation.
He continued his self-education at the Oakland Public Library. Among his readings were works by Gustave Flaubert and Leo Tolstoy. In he was admitted to the University of California, but after a year was forced to leave due to financial reasons.
There he experienced all the hardships of uncivilized life and suffered from--among other things--severe frostbite, scurvy, malaria and dysentery.
This left his health seriously impaired. Writing became his ticket out of poverty; a way, in his words, to "sell his brains". His first marriage to Bess Maddern began as a friendship, not love, and ended 3 years later, leaving her with two daughters. His second marriage to Charmian Kittrdge, an editor, lasted until his death.
In he bought a ranch in California, where he designed the first concrete silo in the state. His books provided operating income. He once said, "I would write a book for no other reason than to add three or four hundred acres to my magnificent estate.
In his Big House was ruined by a devastating fire and Jack was financially and mentally hurt. He built a small cottage and made big plans, but he lived only 3 more years. His changing views and philosophy were often misunderstood as he grew out of his own mistakes.
At one time he wrote, "I have been more stimulated by [ Friedrich Nietzsche ] than by any other writer in the world. While sympathizing with the Mexican revolution in "The Mexican", he wrote differently about it when he was sent to Mexico as a reporter in By age 40, somewhat disillusioned, he resigned from the Socialist party and from various clubs.
During his last years London was in extreme pain, caused by complications from kidney failure uremia is recorded on his death certificate. He was laid to rest at his ranch according to his will: London became the best-selling, highest paid and most popular American author of his time.
Jack London wanted a son. His first wife, Bessie, gave him two daughters, Joan and Bess Becky London, and it is said that their marriage was "Victorian," that is, that they married because it was the "proper" thing to do.
The real love of his life was Charmian, whom he met around the time of his marriage, and the day after Bessie finalized their divorce he married Charmian. They lived in happiness, sharing the same adventures, until his death. His first story received rejections before being accepted.
Personal Quotes 3 A bone to the dog is not charity. Charity is the bone shared with the dog, when you are just as hungry as the dog.
I would rather be ashes than dust! I would rather that my spark should burn out in a brilliant blaze than it should be stifled by dry-rot. I would rather be a superb meteor, every atom of me in magnificent glow, than a sleepy and permanent planet.
The proper function of man is to live, not exist. I shall not waste my days in trying to prolong them, I shall use my time. You have to go after it with a club.American author and advocate of socialism Jack London () wrote popular adventure stories and social tracts based on unusual personal experiences.
At their best, his works are powerful and moving narratives. Jack London, in full John Griffith London, was born in San Francisco, the. London became the best-selling, highest paid and most popular American author of his time. Jack London wanted a son.
His first wife, Bessie, gave him two daughters, Joan and Bess (Becky) London, and it is said that their marriage was "Victorian," that is, that they married because it .
Jack London was a 19th century American author and journalist, best known for the adventure novels White Fang and The Call of the Wild.
Author, Journalist (–). “In Earle Labor's biography of the literary icon, Jack London: An American Life, London comes across as a complex, larger-than-life man. Dozens of biographies have covered London's life and work, but Labor's is an especially well /5(77).
Jack London Biography.
Writer. Jack London was an early 20th-century writer closely associated with San Francisco and adventure.
His most famous book by far is The Call of the Wild (), the story of a peaceful California dog named Buck who is kidnapped and shipped to the wilds of Alaska.
Jack London The iconic American novelist, short story writer, journalist and social activist, Jack London is best known for writing Call of the Wild () and White Fang. Jack was born in San Francisco, California on January 12,