The ancient Greeks attributed both to Homer, a bard who probably lived late in the ninth century b. Both long-standing tradition and linguistic analysis of the two epics indicate that their author was a native of Ionia in western Asia Minor. Homer was said to be blind, like the bard Demodocus in the Odyssey, and to have earned a meager living by performing at one court after another. Supposedly he died and was buried on the Aegean island Ios.
He is rescued by the swineherd Eumaeus O. The poet brings a contrast in the behaviour of two different sets of dogs — those that were unfamiliar with Odysseus and one which was.
Argus, raising his head, pricking his ears and wagging his tail are such natural reactions of a dog when it sees its master. He is in the guise of a beggar and ought not betray his real identity.
He is forced to hide his emotions. Later, the dog, as though holding on its life with hope, just to catch a sight of his master, dies right after seeing him. An additional irony is that although Eurycleia the maid recognizes Odysseus in disguise by touching the scar on his leg and even the dog Argus recognizes him by smell and sound, his beloved wife Penelope and his father Laertes do not believe in his identity at first.
He is forced to prove his identity to his wife by stringing his own bow which lay rusted in the palace. He speaks of their private bed, which was actually an oak-tree converted into a bed by Odysseus himself for their private chamber. This convinces Penelope of his identity. To his father Laertes, he points the trees which he had planted as a young boy under his guidance.
This convinces Laertes about his identify. The irony is that when even an old, half-blind maid and a half-dead dog were able to identify Odysseus, he is not recognized by his own family.
For never shall I find a master so kind, however far I go, not though I come again to the house of my father and mother, where at the first I was born, and they reared me themselves. Yet it is not for them that I henceforth mourn so much, eager though I am to behold them with my eyes and to be in my native land; instead, it is longing for Odysseus, who is gone, that seizes me…….
The swineherd, who is not a native of Ithaca, longs more to see his own master than to see his native land or his parents. He has waited faithfully for twenty years for the return of his master. A woman at a grinding mill, whose name the poet does not mention, longs for the return of the brave king Odysseus.
She prays to Zeus in these words: Fulfill now even for me that word that I shall speak.
May the suitors this day for the last and latest time hold their glad feast in the halls of Odysseus…. Detailing of a chariot race Image courtesy: The poet quite literally describes the neck-to-neck competition among the participants: B23 The breath of the horses which are chasing is on the neck of the charioteer who is being chased!
The poet shows the proximity and the intensity of the competition in this description. Intervention of the Gods: However, they, too, are subject to the laws of Fate and they too cannot understand the doings of Fate.
This was probably another unknown factor, which every Greek feared and believed in superstitiously. Zeus commands the Gods not to intervene in the battle between the Achaeans and the Trojans. Hera, the wife and sister of Zeus, however, is concerned about the Achaeans and decides to help them.
She plans to seduce Zeus and put him to sleep while she carries out her will. With ambrosia first did she cleanse every stain from her lovely body, and anointed herself richly with oil, ambrosial, soft and of rich fragrance; if this were but shaken in the palace of Zeus with threshold of bronze, its scent would reach to earth and heaven.
With this she anointed her lovely body, and she combed her hair, and with her hands plaited the bright tresses, fair and ambrosial, that streamed from her immortal head. Then she clothed herself in an ambrosial robe which Athene had worked and smoothed for her, and had set on it many embroideries; and she pinned it at the breast with one hundred tassels, and in her pierced ears she put earrings with three clustering drops; and abundant grace shone from them.
And with a veil over all did the fair goddess veil herself, a veil fair and bright, all glistening, and it was white as the sun; and beneath her shining feet she bound her fair sandals…. Another situation where the work of the Gods is felt is when the river Goddess Thetis requests the God Hephaestus to make a shield for her son Achilles.Homer Date: [hómɛːros], Hómēros) is the legendary an analysis of greek and roman culture in the odyssey by homer author of the Iliad the process of becoming a .
While there is disagreement, whether Homer alone wrote these poems or many other people, the 'analysts' and the ancient Greek people and the 'unitarians' are on Homer's side. These poems were an important part of the Greek culture as they were written during the famous Trojan war era.
Ancient Greek Culture In The Odyssey In many literary works, authors provide readers with information regarding the culture of the setting.
Factors such as tradition, religion, and language give the readers exposition to the story/5(1). Homer’s epic poem, “The Odyssey” reveals many aspects of ancient Greek life and culture through character and plot. Through each of the tales circling the life of Odysseus and the Greek people, Homer depicts the history, legends, values, and merits of the ancient Greeks.
The Odyssey (/ ˈ ɒ d ə s i /; Greek: Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, pronounced [leslutinsduphoenix.com] in Classical Attic) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to leslutinsduphoenix.com is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other work ascribed to leslutinsduphoenix.com Odyssey is fundamental to the modern Western canon; it is the second-oldest extant work of Western literature, while the Iliad is the oldest.
The Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer – Analysis The Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer – Insights into the Greco-roman culture The Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer – Gods and the Royalty.