In the early s, 50 years of peace between the Plymouth colony and the local Wampanoag Indians began to deteriorate when the rapidly expanding settlement forced land sales on the tribe. Reacting to increasing Native American hostility, the English met with King Philip, chief of the Wampanoag, and demanded that his forces surrender their arms. The Wampanoag did so, but in a Christian Native American who had been acting as an informer to the English was murdered, and three Wampanoag were tried and executed for the crime.
Pen and Ink drawing of Bacon's troops about to burn Jamestown Drawing by Rita Honeycutt Bacon's Rebellion was probably one of the most confusing yet intriguing chapters in Jamestown's history.
For many years, historians considered the Virginia Rebellion of to be the first stirring of revolutionary sentiment in America, which culminated in the American Revolution almost exactly one hundred years later. However, in the past few decades, based on findings from a more distant viewpoint, historians have come to understand Bacon's Rebellion as a power struggle between two stubborn, selfish leaders rather than a glorious fight against tyranny.
The central figures in Bacon's Rebellion were opposites.
Governor Sir William Berkeley, seventy when the crisis began, was a veteran of the English Civil Wars, a frontier Indian fighter, a King's favorite in his first term as Governor in the 's, and a playwright and scholar.
His name and reputation as Governor of Virginia were well respected. Berkeley's antagonist, young Nathaniel Bacon, Jr. Lady Berkeley, Frances Culpeper, was Bacon's cousin.
Bacon was a troublemaker and schemer whose father sent him to Virginia in the hope that he would mature. Although disdainful of labor, Bacon was intelligent and eloquent. Upon Bacon's arrival, Berkeley treated his young cousin with respect and friendship, giving him both a substantial land grant and a seat on the council in Bacon's Rebellion can be attributed to a myriad of causes, all of which led to dissent in the Virginia colony.
Economic problems, such as declining tobacco prices, growing commercial competition from Maryland and the Carolinas, an increasingly restricted English market, and the rising prices from English manufactured goods mercantilism caused problems for the Virginians.
There were heavy English losses in the latest series of naval wars with the Dutch and, closer to home, there were many problems caused by weather. Hailstorms, floods, dry spells, and hurricanes rocked the colony all in the course of a year and had a damaging effect on the colonists.
These difficulties encouraged the colonists to find a scapegoat against whom they could vent their frustrations and place the blame for their misfortunes. The colonists found their scapegoat in the form of the local Indians. Several of the Doegs were killed in the raid, which began in a dispute over the nonpayment of some items Mathews had apparently obtained from the tribe.
The situation became critical when, in a retaliatory strike by the colonists, they attacked the wrong Indians, the Susquehanaugs, which caused large scale Indian raids to begin. He set up what was to be a disastrous meeting between the parties, which resulted in the murders of several tribal chiefs.
Throughout the crisis, Berkeley continually pleaded for restraint from the colonists. Some, including Bacon, refused to listen.Compare How Bacon S Rebellion And The Salem Witchcraft Trials Affected Colonial Society Colonial America was bursting with changes throughout the late 17th century and into the early 18th century.
A new time era known as "The Enlightenment" came about which brought many advances in medicine, science, botany, and education. In colonial New England, King Philip’s War begins when a band of Wampanoag warriors raid the border settlement of Swansee, Massachusetts, and massacre the English colonists there.
In the early. APUSH Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Off-site search results for "Leisler`s Rebellion" Jacob Leisler Leisler sent for his wife, Alice, and their older children, and after a sorrowful parting with them, he and his son-in .
Two events that would change colony life forever were the Salem Witch Trials () and Bacon’s Rebellion (). It is estimated that around people were on trial during the Salem Witch Trials while somewhere around 20 were executed.
Compare the ways in which TWO of the following reflected tensions in colonial society: Bacon's Rebellion (), Pueblo Revolt (), Salem Witch Trials (), Stono Rebellion (). Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from to