Some of these roles were traditional while others were unconventional and even scandalous for the time.
The Spaniards officially declared war against England in Junebut the Spanish Governor of Louisiana, Bernardo de Galvez y Madrid, with the unofficial approval of higher-level officials in Havana, Mexico City, and Madrid, had been providing the American patriots with arms, uniforms, gun powder, and other military supplies since Intermittent shipments of supplies were smuggled to the colonists from Havana as well.
Indeed, many of the uniforms that one sees General Washington and his staff wearing were Spanish officers' uniforms shipped up the Mississippi River from New Orleans to St.
Louis and th en eastward to the patriot armies. In addition, in this nearly two-year quasi-war period, the Spanish port authorities ignored the international laws that prevented the use of neutral ports by participants in a war, and allowed American privateers to use their ports as supply bases in their attacks on British cargo ships.
However important logistics and the threat of conflict might be in a war, it is "boots on the ground" and ships fighting at sea that ultimately determines the outcome of a war.
The Revolutionary War was no different. A crucial figure in the actual Spanish war-fighting was the previously-mentioned Colonel later General Bernardo de Galvez. He faced immense challenges in his military campaigns in the modern Gulf states Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida.
Galvez led an army composed of Spanish regular soldiers, militia men both French and Spanish, Americans, Germans, Cubans, Canary Islanders, free blacks, and native Americans which made his communications with his troops a problem. There was inadequate local food available to feed his army, so he had his vaqueros create the first long cattle drive from Texas to his battle area in the Gulf Coast which is nearly miles in length to have the necessary food to keep his troops fed.
Such were the challenges facing de Galvez and such were his creativity in solving them. In doing so, he protected and facilitated the supply line that kept the colonial armies supplied. After the fighting ended, he helped draft provisions for the Treaty of Paris,which officially ended the American Revolutionary War and redistributed the lands east of the Mississippi.
Bernardo de Galvez was promoted to Lt. General, given a title of nobility, and given the choice job of Viceroy of New Spain with his capital in modern-day Mexico City. This was a very important post with responsibility for all of Spanish North America and most of Central America.
In his brief rule there, he continued the policy of expanding into what is now California and the Southwest.
He died when he was only 40 years of age, possibly poisoned by those lessor, more traditional Spaniards in high governmental office, who disliked him and found him too liberal in his treatment of Native Americans as well as too favorable to the new United States. He and his and predecessors in Mexico City helped to authorize the forts in California which include the Santa Barbara Royal Presidio, the last one constructed in Spanish America.
Why did the Spaniards support the Americans in their revolution? In a sense, their support of the Americans in their revolution was counter productive to Spain for the following reasons:Spain's role in the independence of the United States was part of its dispute over colonial supremacy with the Kingdom of Great leslutinsduphoenix.com declared war on Britain as an ally of France, itself an ally of the American colonies, and provided supplies and munitions to the American forces.
French involvement in the American Revolutionary War began in , when France, France's help is considered a vital and decisive contribution to the United States' victory against the British.
which included the closing of Boston Harbor and the revocation of Massachusetts's colonial charter. Even before the struggle for American independence ended, two contrasting views of the role of the Revolutionary militia had emerged.
Popular opinion, remembering the gallant stand of the Minutemen at Concord and Lexington, held fast to the ideal of the brave citizen soldier as the mainstay of defense. The most influential Committees of Correspondence on the eve of the American Revolution were located in the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina.
Oct 27, · Watch video · The Revolutionary War (), also known as the American Revolution, arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government.
During the Revolutionary War, thousands of active women took part as an important role in both the British and American armies.. Native Americans African Americans Women Women In the military side of the war, women even participated in them.