Hellenistic period

For the moment Antipater was confirmed in authority in Macedon and Greece. At Babylon power was shared by two senior officers, Perdiccas c. His generals had to be content with the office of governor. For almost 10 years he had been governing Phrygia and had shown himself a brave soldier and competent administrator.

Hellenistic period

Epirus ancient state Pyrrhus and his elephants. Epirus was a northwestern Greek kingdom in the western Balkans ruled by the Molossian Aeacidae dynasty.

In Pyrrhus nicknamed "the eagle", aetos invaded southern Italy to aid the city state of Tarentum. Though victorious, he was forced to retreat due to heavy losses, hence the term " Pyrrhic victory ". Pyrrhus then turned south and invaded Sicily but was unsuccessful and returned to Italy.

Pyrrhus then went to war with Macedonia indeposing Antigonus II Gonatas and briefly ruling over Macedonia and Thessaly until Afterwards he invaded southern Greece, and was killed in battle against Argos in BC.

After the death of Pyrrhus, Epirus remained a minor power. In BC the Aeacid royal family was deposed and a federal state was set up called the Epirote League. Kingdom of Macedon[ edit ] Philip V"the darling of Hellas", wearing the royal diadem. Up to two thirds of the population emigrated, and the Macedonian army could only count on a levy of 25, Hellenistic period, a significantly smaller force than under Philip II.

Philip Vwho came to power when Doson died in BC, was the last Macedonian ruler with both the talent and the opportunity to unite Greece and preserve its independence Hellenistic period the "cloud rising in the west": He was known as "the darling of Hellas". Under his auspices the Peace of Naupactus BC brought the latest war between Macedon and the Greek leagues the social war to an end, and at this time he controlled all of Greece except Athens, Rhodes and Pergamum.

Political developments

Philip continued to wage war against Pergamum and Rhodes for control of the Aegean BC and ignored Roman demands for non-intervention in Greece by invading Attica. Southern Greece was now thoroughly brought into the Roman sphere of influencethough it retained nominal autonomy.

Rest of Greece[ edit ] Main article: Hellenistic Greece Greece and the Aegean World c. During the Hellenistic period the importance of Greece proper within the Greek-speaking world declined sharply. The conquests of Alexander greatly widened the horizons of the Greek world, making the endless conflicts between the cities which had marked the 5th and 4th centuries BC seem petty and unimportant.

It led to a steady emigration, particularly of the young and ambitious, to the new Greek empires in the east.

Independent city states were unable to compete with Hellenistic kingdoms and were usually forced to ally themselves to one of them for defense, giving honors to Hellenistic rulers in return for protection.

One example is Athenswhich had been decisively defeated by Antipater in the Lamian war and had its port in the Piraeus garrisoned by Macedonian troops who supported a conservative oligarchy.

In spite of the Ptolemaic monies and fleets backing their endeavors, Athens and Sparta were defeated by Antigonus II during the Chremonidean War Athens was then occupied by Macedonian troops, and run by Macedonian officials. Sparta remained independent, but it was no longer the leading military power in the Peloponnese.

The Spartan king Cleomenes III — BC staged a military coup against the conservative ephors and pushed through radical social and land reforms in order to increase the size of the shrinking Spartan citizenry able to provide military service and restore Spartan power.

Other city states formed federated states in self-defense, such as the Aetolian League est. These federations involved a central government which controlled foreign policy and military affairs, while leaving most of the local governing to the city states, a system termed sympoliteia.

In states such as the Achaean league, this also involved the admission of other ethnic groups into the federation with equal rights, in this case, non- Achaeans.

Hellenistic period

The Colossus of Rhodesone of the seven wonders of the ancient world. One of the few city states who managed to maintain full independence from the control of any Hellenistic kingdom was Rhodes.

With a skilled navy to protect its trade fleets from pirates and an ideal strategic position covering the routes from the east into the Aegean, Rhodes prospered during the Hellenistic period.

It became a center of culture and commerce, its coins were widely circulated and its philosophical schools became one of the best in the Mediterranean. After holding out for one year under siege by Demetrius Poliorcetes — BCthe Rhodians built the Colossus of Rhodes to commemorate their victory.

They retained their independence by the maintenance of a powerful navy, by maintaining a carefully neutral posture and acting to preserve the balance of power between the major Hellenistic kingdoms. Rome eventually turned on Rhodes and annexed the island as a Roman province. The west Balkan coast was inhabited by various Illyrian tribes and kingdoms such as the kingdom of the Dalmatae and of the Ardiaeiwho often engaged in piracy under Queen Teuta reigned BC to BC.

Further inland was the Illyrian Paeonian Kingdom and the tribe of the Agrianes.Alexander created the Hellenistic Age, a time when Greek culture mixed with the various cultures of Alexander's Empire. This was a time of advances in learning, math, art, and architecture. Some of the great names of learning in this Age include Archimedes, Hero, and Euclid.

The Hellenistic period was a time when Greek culture spread throughout and influenced Southwest Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean regions. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of Hellenistic society and culture and learn what the . Aug 21,  · The Hellenistic Age; Hellenistic Culture; The End of the Hellenistic Age; In B.C., Alexander the Great became the leader of the Greek kingdom of Macedonia.

By the time he died 13 years later, Alexander had built an empire that stretched from Greece all the way to India. Hellenistic art is richly diverse in subject matter and in stylistic development. It was created during an age characterized by a strong sense of history.

For the first time, there were museums and great libraries, such as those at Alexandria and Pergamon (). The Hellenistic period was a time when Greek culture spread throughout and influenced Southwest Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean regions. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of.

The Hellenistic Period is a part of the Ancient Period for the European and Near Asian space. The use of this period is justified by the extent of the Hellenic culture in most of these areas, due to the Greek political presence especially in Asia after Alexander's conquests, but also to a new wave of Greek colonization.

Hellenistic Greece - HISTORY