Biography of Nathaniel Hawthorne Nathaniel HawthorneAmerican author wrote the Gothic Romance The Scarlet Letter ; In a moment, however, wisely judging that one token of her shame would but poorly serve to hide another, she took the baby on her arm, and with a burning blush, and yet a haughty smile, and a glance that would not be abashed, looked around at her townspeople and neighbours. On the breast of her gown, in fine red cloth, surrounded with an elaborate embroidery and fantastic flourishes of gold thread, appeared the letter A. The Scarlet Letter achieved much critical acclaim for Hawthorne.
His treatment of this subject would be less interesting if he had been a polemicist arguing from a set viewpoint. Instead, Melville explored ideas and was often driven between opposing viewpoints.
Because Melville was open and sympathetic to sometimes contradictory ideas, the themes that derive from his interest in the limits and applicability of authority are far-ranging, touching on questions of self-awareness, civil obedience, and moral verities.
Writing at a time when slavery was the most discussed political issue in the United States, Melville examined the struggle for personal liberty from a variety of viewpoints, acknowledging the necessity of liberty to human development while warning against its abuse.
They also dream of escaping the moralistic restrictions of societal codes. The books also demonstrate that individual liberty depends upon freedom from want.
Yet Melville also showed the dangers of individual liberty. For characters such as Captain Ahab in Moby Dick, Taji in Mardi, or Pierre in Pierre, the pursuit of personal desire becomes a monomania that cuts off the possibility of happiness.
For Melville, the idea of individual liberty implied the dark possibility of misanthropy, madness, and alienation. Worst of all, it could mean becoming a renegade, a person who cuts himself off from his societal and familial connections.
Although sympathetic to rebels and dissenters, Melville feared rebellion that could become anarchy. Thus, in Typee and Omoo, his protagonists elect to return to the oppressive seafaring exploitation from which they have escaped.
In the epilogue to White-Jacket, Melville urged his reader to reject mutiny even if the ship of state seemed mishandled. Divine authority was another important theme for Melville. Like his weary pilgrim in Carel, Melville unsuccessfully pursued a divine authority that he could accept wholeheartedly.
His best books provide readers with symbols of provocative resonance: Yet Melville wrote with incredible range, and his novels use the themes and techniques of many genres: In some cases Melville was desperately trying to find an audience, for he was always short of money, and his writing never paid his expenses.
What I feel most moved to write, that is banned,—it will not pay. Yet, altogether, write the other way I cannot. So the product is a final hash, and all my books are botches.
As long as we have anything more to do, we have done nothing. So, now, let us add Moby Dick to our blessing, and step from that.
Leviathan is not the biggest fish;—I have heard of Krakens.From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Melville Stories Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays.
Mahogany: The Costs of Luxury in Early America [Jennifer L. Anderson] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In the mid-eighteenth century, colonial Americans became enamored with the rich colors and silky surface of mahogany.
This exotic wood. Other works that helped fan the flames for Melville were Carl Van Doren's The American Novel (), D.
Lawrence's Studies in Classic American Literature (), Carl Van Vechten's essay in The Double Dealer (), and Lewis Mumford's biography, Herman Melville: A Study of His Life and Vision ().
Jack Kerouac: Jack Kerouac (–69) was an American novelist, poet, and leader of the Beat movement. Essays and criticism on Herman Melville - Critical Essays. Melville died in , a forgotten author. His death came almost forty years after he had stopped publishing fiction and more than thirty.
Herman Melville Biography Essay Herman Melville Herman Melville was born August 1, and was the third child of eight. His parents were Allan and Maria Gansevoort Melville’s.