Piaget was a precocious child who developed an interest in biology and the natural world. His early interest in zoology earned him a reputation among those in the field after he had published several articles on mollusks by the age of
Piaget believed that children play an active role in the growth of intelligence. Through his work, Piaget showed that children think in considerably different ways than adults do and as such he saw cognitive development as a progressive reorganization of mental processes resulting from maturation and experience To explain this theory, Piaget used the concept of stages to describe his development as a sequence of the four following stages: There are three elements however to understanding his theory of cognitive development.
They are schema, the fours process that enable transition from on stage to another, and finally the four stages themselves. He began his studies by making naturalistic observations. Piaget made careful, detailed observations of children, typically his own children or their friends, from these he wrote diary descriptions charting their development.
He also conducted clinical interviews and observations of older children who were able to understand questions and hold conversations McLeod Based off these observation Piaget laid the ground work for his theories on cognitive development starting with the schema. A schema can be thought of as a unit of knowledge, relating to one aspect of the world including objects, actions, and abstract theoretical concepts ICELS.
They are used to understand and to respond to situations and are stored and applied when needed.
A child is considered to be in a state of equilibrium or in a state of cognitive balance when she or he is capable of explaining what he or she is perceiving schema at the time ICELS. The processes that form the building blocks of a schema are assimilation and accommodation.
Assimilation and accommodation are two of the four processes that enable the transition from one cognitive stage to another. Assimilation is the process of interpreting experiences in terms of schema whereas accommodation is the process of adjusting schema based on new information or new experiences.
For example, a child may see a robin flying and thus conclude that all birds fly assimilationhowever upon learning a chicken cannot fly said child would have to adjust their existing schema of birds to accommodate chickens accommodation.
The other two of the four processes that enable the transition from one cognitive stage to another are equilibrium and disequilibrium. Equilibration is said to be the force which moves development along. However, a state of disequilibrium occurs when new information cannot be fitted into existing schemas Piagetp.
Thus the accommodation comes into play in order to restore a state of equilibrium. Together, assimilation and accommodation are processes of adjustment to changes in the environment and are defined as adaptation, the continuous process of using the environment to learn ICELS.
And, according to Piaget, adaptation is the most important principle of human functioning.
With these basic elements of cognitive learning established Piaget then began to establish his four stages of cognitive development. The first being the sensory — motor stage. This stage is considered to extend from birth to approximately age two.
During this stage senses, reflexes, and motor abilities develop rapidly.Free cognitive development papers, essays, and research papers. Miscellaneous Sites. ACT Research Home Page- The ACT group is led by John Anderson at Carnegie Mellon University and is concerned with the ACT theory and architecture of leslutinsduphoenix.com goal of this research is to understand how people acquire and organize knowledge and produce intelligent behavior.
The Philosophy of Moral Development: Moral Stages and the Idea of Justice (Essays on Moral Development, Volume 1) [Lawrence Kohlberg] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Examines the theories of Socrates, Kant, Dewey, Piaget, and others to explore the implications of Socrates' question what is a virtuous man. Overview. The neo-Piagetian theories aim to correct one or more of the following weaknesses in Piaget's theory: Piaget's developmental stage theory proposes that people develop through various stages of cognitive development, but his theory does not sufficiently explain why development from stage to stage occurs.
 Mansoor Niaz has argued that Piaget's stages were merely a. Discussion.
I can't think of anyone, other than Jean Piaget, who has promoted the stage approach to development more than Erik Erikson. And yet stages are not at all a .
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