But what exactly is the Electoral College? Below is a quick guide on what it does and why it matters. What is the Electoral College?
See Article History Electoral college, the system by which the president and vice president of the United States are chosen. It was devised by the framers of the United States Constitution to provide a method of election that was feasible The electoral college, desirable, and consistent with a republican form of government.
In the Electoral College system, the States serve as the Centurial groups (though they are not, of course, based on wealth), and the number of votes per State is determined by the size of each State's Congressional delegation. The Electoral College is a process, not a place. The founding fathers established it in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens. The Electoral College process consists of the selection of the electors, the meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice. Nov 06, · The Electoral College will dominate the airwaves and the headlines on Election Day Tuesday. But what exactly is the Electoral College? Below is .
For the results of U. History and operation During most of the Constitutional Conventionpresidential selection was vested in the legislature. The electoral college was proposed near the end of the convention by the Committee on Unfinished Parts, chaired by David Brearley of New Jerseyto provide a system that would select the most qualified president and vice president.
Historians have suggested a variety of reasons for the adoption of the electoral college, including concerns about the separation of powers and the relationship between the executive and legislative branches, the balance between small and large states, slaveryand the perceived dangers of direct democracy.
The Twenty-Third Amendmentadopted inprovided electoral college representation for Washington, D. The electors would then meet and vote for two people, at least one of whom could not be an inhabitant of their state. Under the original plan, the person receiving the largest number of votes, provided it was a majority of the number of electors, would be elected president, and the person with the second largest number of votes would become vice president.
If no one received a majority, the presidency of the United States would be decided by the House of Representativesvoting by states and choosing from among the top five candidates in the electoral vote. A tie for vice president would be broken by the Senate.
The development of national political parties toward the end of the 18th century provided the new system with its first major challenge.
Informal congressional caucuses, organized along party lines, selected presidential nominees. Electors, chosen by state legislatures mostly on the basis of partisan inclination, were not expected to exercise independent judgment when voting.
Since the framers had not anticipated party-line voting and there was no mechanism for indicating a separate choice for president and vice president, the tie had to be broken by the Federalist -controlled House of Representatives.
The election of Jefferson after 36 ballots led to the adoption of the Twelfth Amendment inwhich specified separate ballots for president and vice president and reduced the number of candidates from which the House could choose from five to three. The development of political parties coincided with the expansion of popular choice.
By all states selected their electors by direct popular vote except South Carolinawhich did so only after the American Civil War.
In choosing electors, most states adopted a general-ticket system in which slates of partisan electors were selected on the basis of a statewide vote. Only Maine and Nebraska have chosen to deviate from this method, instead allocating electoral votes to the victor in each House district and a two-electoral-vote bonus to the statewide winner.
The winner-take-all system generally favoured major parties over minor parties, large states over small states, and cohesive voting groups concentrated in large states over those that were more diffusely dispersed across the country.
Arguments for and against the electoral college One of the most troubling aspects of the electoral college system is the possibility that the winner might not be the candidate with the most popular votes. Four presidents— Rutherford B.
Hayes inBenjamin Harrison inGeorge W. Bush inand Donald Trump in —were elected with fewer popular votes than their opponents, and Andrew Jackson lost to John Quincy Adams in the House of Representatives after winning a plurality of the popular and electoral vote in In 18 elections between andpresidents were elected without popular majorities—including Abraham Lincolnwho won election in with under 40 percent of the national vote.
During much of the 20th century, however, the effect of the general ticket system was to exaggerate the popular vote, not reverse it. For example, in Ronald Reagan won just over 50 percent of the popular vote and 91 percent of the electoral vote; in George Bush received 53 percent of the popular vote and 79 percent of the electoral vote; and in and William J.
Clinton won 43 and 49 percent of the popular vote, respectively, and 69 and 70 percent of the electoral vote.
Third-party candidates with broad national support are generally penalized in the electoral college—as was Ross Perotwho won 19 percent of the popular vote in and no electoral votes—though candidates with geographically concentrated support—such as Dixiecrat candidate Strom Thurmondwho won 39 electoral votes in with just over 2 percent of the national vote—are occasionally able to win electoral votes.Learn about the financing of presidential elections, the rules for convention delegates and the electoral college system used to elect the President of the United States.
Nov 09, · The Electoral College is a group of people that elects the president and the vice president of the United States. (The word “college” in this . Electoral College: The voters of each state, and the District of Columbia, vote for electors to be the authorized constitutional members in a presidential election.
Natural Born Citizen: Someone born with U.S. citizenship includes any child born "in" the United States, the children of United States citizens born abroad, and those born abroad of.
leslutinsduphoenix.com is an interactive Electoral College map for and a history of Presidential elections in the United States. Since electoral votes are generally allocated on an "all or none" basis by state, the election of a U.S President is about winning the popular vote in enough states to achieve electoral votes, a majority of the that are available.
The Electoral College is a process, not a place. The founding fathers established it in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens. The Electoral College process consists of the selection of the electors, the meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice.
The United States Electoral College is a body of electors established by the United States Constitution, constituted every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president of the United States.
The Electoral College consists of electors.