And you won't even have to cram any grammar rules or vocabulary words into your head. Instead, you will be absorbing bits and pieces of the English language almost without realizing it.
It was boring to type the letters in the upper row of my typewriter keyboard 20 times, then go on to the next row. But it was even more boring to lie in bed and do nothing. So when the chicken pox forced me to stay home from school for two weeks, I used the time to learn touch typing.
The typewriter, and its successor the computer, are among the most widely used office machines in the Western world, and keyboard-related repetitive-strain injuries are among our most common industrial accidents. Commitment to our spouses, our children, and our careers is held to be virtuous; lack of commitment is a common criticism.
Yet commitment should be seen as morally neutral. After all, what one is committed to might be either good or bad; commitment to a destructive relationship, an unsatisfying job, or alcoholism deserves no praise. Often, commitment can mean nothing more than an involvement that has outlived its original justification.
All of us have at one time or another felt trapped by such a commitment, longing for a happier, though uncertain, state of existence but fearing the short-term pain required to reach it. Commitment is a big issue not only for the pedestrian english essay help as individuals, but for us as a culture as well.
All human societies have many apparently arbitrary practices that persist for centuries or even millennia--writing systems, counting systems, sets of number signs, and calendars, to name just a few examples.
At one time there existed alternatives to the system that we eventually adopted. Were some of these alternatives better than others? Did we in fact end up committed to the best ones? Are our alphabets, decimal counting, Arabic numerals, and Gregorian calendar really superior to Chinese logograms, Babylonian base counting, Roman numerals, and the Mayan calendar?
Those questions are hard to answer for some of these choices-- counting systems, for instance--to which we became committed in the remote past. But the QWERTY keyboard is a modern-day commitment, dating back only to the late nineteenth century, and thus it is one whose history we can reconstruct.
We know that QWERTY is the dominant survivor of dozens of keyboard designs that competed during the early years of the typewriter.
Hence we can ask, with the expectation of finding an answer, to what advantages does it owe its triumph? Studies of the consequences of keyboard design were pioneered by the industrial engineers Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, who were made famous by a biography, Cheaper by the Dozen, written by 2 of their 12 children.
The Gilbreths sought to decrease worker fatigue and increase the efficiency of many industrial processes as well as of surgical operations and buttoning a shirt by time-and-motion studies and slowed-down motion pictures. Applied to keyboard design, such studies showed that typing fatigue, errors, and slow speed depend especially on bad design in allocating letters among keyboard rows, among fingers, and between the left and right hands.
Confirming that straightforward prediction, motion-picture studies prove that typing is fastest on the home row and slowest on the bottom row. You would be wrong. Only 32 percent of strokes are on the home row; most strokes 52 percent are on the upper row; and a full 16 percent are on the bottom row, which you should be avoiding like the plague.
Not more than English words can be typed without leaving the home row. The reason for this disaster is simple: The home row of nine letters includes two of the least used J and K but none of the three most frequently used E, T, and O, which are relegated to the upper row and only one of the five vowels Aeven though 40 percent of all letters in a typical English text are vowels.
To appreciate the consequences of that misdesigning, just remind yourself of how it feels to type pumpkin or minimum on your QWERTY keyboard. Your fingers must not only reach from the home row to the top or bottom but must at times hurdle completely over the home row, moving directly from top to bottom and back again.
Those awkward hurdles and reaches slow you and introduce typing errors and finger strain. Unfortunately, out of any pairs of consecutive letters in a typical English text, six require a reach and four a hurdle on the QWERTY keyboard. These inconveniences are minimized by any of the numerous competing keyboard designs that concentrate the most common English letters onto the home row.
For instance, the Dvorak keyboard devotes the home row to nine of the 12 most common English letters--including all five vowels and the three most common consonants T, H, N --while the six rarest letters V, K, J, X, Q, and Z are relegated to the bottom row.
As a result, 70 percent of typing strokes remain on the home row, only 22 percent are on the upper row, and a mere 8 percent are on the hated bottom row; thousands of words can be typed with the home row alone; reaches are five times less frequent than in QWERTY typing, and hurdles hardly ever happen.
Whenever the left and right hands type alternate letters, one hand can be getting into position for the next letter while the other hand is typing the previous one. You can thereby fall into a steady rhythm and type quickly. It repeatedly shifts between fast bursts and slow stutters within even a few seconds, and many of the stutters arise from strings of consecutive letters typed by the same hand.
The longer the string, the slower the typing rate and the more frequent the errors.
Yet QWERTY typing tends to degenerate into long one-handed strings of letters, especially strings for the weak left hand.This free English Literature essay on Essay: The Pedestrian' () By Ray Bradbury is perfect for English Literature students to use as an example. The pedestrian, who says, “Hello, in there” to the homes in which people are avidly watching television, walks alone in this world.
Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
The pedestrian analysis essay. Hello world! May 3, 0. The pedestrian analysis essay. dissenting essay isl dissertation sur les trente glorieuses university of texas application essay word limit ap english frankenstein essay canada and us relations essay writing barn raising scene witness essay help dr jacqueline laing.
Today, Mercedes models with Intelligent Drive get closer to real self-driving because the system can help steer clear of pedestrians and avoid other accidents.
Definition of pedestrian for English Language Learners: a person who is walking in a city, along a road, etc. PEDESTRIAN Defined for Kids. I. Eliezer Yudkowsky’s catchily-titled Inadequate Equilibria is many things. It’s a look into whether there is any role for individual reason in a world where you can always just trust expert consensus.
Our General English and Intensive English courses are designed to help students make rapid progress in English, and focus on the four key language skills – reading, writing, listening and speaking – with lots of additional work on vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation.